Dashboard: Jobs and Growth in Rural Areas

 

Background information

 

The vitality and potential of many rural areas remain closely linked to the presence of a viable and dynamic farming and forestry sector, which employs and provides income for an important number of rural inhabitants and at the same time has positive spill-over effects on many other rural activities (e.g. manufacturing, local industries, services, tourism). The level of employment in agriculture, food industry and forestry varies substantially by Member State as illustrated in this dashboard. But the reduction of poverty in rural areas is a common feature and the CAP played an important role in this. The CAP targets farmers (and thus rural areas) but also other actors of the rural community in the rural development programmes.

To know more on Socio-Economic challenges facing agriculture and rural areas, click here.

 

 

Figure: Gross value added in primary sector in 2018

Unit: EUR million

 

Indicator(s) used in the graph:

Type

Name

Parameter

Code

Unit

Source

Context

C.10 Structure of the economy

total

CTX_SOC_10_1

EUR million

EUROSTAT

Context

C.10 Structure of the economy

primary sector

CTX_SOC_10_2a

% of total

EUROSTAT

 

Mapping with legend(s) in the graph:

Legend

Code/Formula

Gross value added in primary sector in 2018

CTX_SOC_10_2a * (CTX_SOC_10_1 / 100)

 

 

Figure: Share of primary sector employment in rural areas in 2017

Unit: %

 

Indicator(s) used in the graph:

Type

Name

Parameter

Code

Unit

Source

Context

C.11 Structure of the employment

primary sector

CTX_SOC_11_4a

% of total

EUROSTAT

 

Notes:

There are no rural areas defined in MT, LU, CY and there is no distinction between rural and intermediate areas in BE 2000-2003, CZ 2000, PL 1995-2009.

The primary sector covers agriculture, forestry and fishing.

 

Figure: Number of holdings

 

Indicator(s) used in the graph:

Type

Name

Parameter

Code

Unit

Source

Context

C.17 Agricultural holdings (farms)

total

CTX_SEC_17_1

farms

Eurostat, Farm Structure Survey (ef_kvaareg)

 

 

Figure: Jobs in agriculture

 

Indicator(s) used in the graph:

Type

Name

Parameter

Code

Unit

Source

Context

C.22 Farm labour force

total (in persons)

CTX_SEC_22_1a

persons

Eurostat, Farm Structure Survey (ef_olfreg)

Context

C.22 Farm labour force

total (in AWU)

CTX_SEC_22_1b

AWU

Eurostat, Farm Structure Survey (ef_olfreg)

 

Mapping with legend(s) in the graph:

Legend

Code/Formula

Persons

CTX_SEC_22_1a

FTE

CTX_SEC_22_1b

 

Notes:

The number of persons employed can be expressed in Annual Working Units (AWU) which is equivalent to Full Time Equivalent (FTE). In agriculture, part time and seasonal work, are very common, thus the large difference between the number of persons employed in agriculture and the number of FTE.

In this case, the total farm labour force has been computed aggregating the regular labour force employed in the farm and the labour force employed on a non-regular basis.

There are several sources for labour force, the most accurate for agriculture is the Farm Structure Survey. To know more on this topic click here.

 

Map: GDP per capita in rural areas

Unit: EUR per capita

 

Indicator(s) used in the graph:

Type

Name

Parameter

Code

Unit

Source

Context

C.08 GDP per capita

rural regions

CTX_SOC_08_4

EUR PPS per capita

EUROSTAT

 

There are no rural areas defined in MT, LU, CY

 

Graph: Gross value added (million EUR) and employment rate in rural areas (%)

Subtitle: Employment rate in rural areas, age group 15-64

Unit: million EUR and %

 

Indicator(s) used in the graph:

Type

Name

Parameter

Code

Unit

Source

Context

C.05 Employment rate

rural areas

CTX_SOC_05_1d

%

EUROSTAT

Context

C.10 Structure of the economy

total

CTX_SOC_10_1

EUR million

EUROSTAT

Context

C.10 Structure of the economy

primary sector

CTX_SOC_10_2a

% of total

EUROSTAT

Context

C.10 Structure of the economy

rural regions

CTX_SOC_10_3a

% of total

EUROSTAT

 

Mapping with legend(s) in the graph:

Legend

Code/Formula

GVA - rural areas

CTX_SOC_10_3a * (CTX_SOC_10_1 / 100)

GVA - agriculture

CTX_SOC_10_2a * (CTX_SOC_10_1 / 100)

Employment rate

CTX_SOC_05_1d

 

Notes:

There are no rural areas defined in MT, LU, CY and there is no distinction between rural and intermediate areas in BE 2000-2003, CZ 2000, PL 1995-2009.

The primary sector covers agriculture, forestry and fishing.

 

Graph: Poverty rate in rural areas

Unit: %

 

Indicator(s) used in the graph:

Type

Name

Parameter

Code

Unit

Source

Context

C.09 Poverty rate

total

CTX_SOC_09_1

% of total population

EUROSTAT

Context

C.09 Poverty rate

rural areas

CTX_SOC_09_2

% of total population

EUROSTAT

 

Mapping with legend(s) in the graph:

Legend

Code/Formula

Whole territory

CTX_SOC_09_1

Rural areas

CTX_SOC_09_2

 

 

Graph: Share of the agri-food sector in total employment

Unit: %

 

Indicator(s) used in the graph:

Type

Name

Parameter

Code

Unit

Source

Context

C.13 Employment by economic activity

share

CTX_SEC_13_2b

% of total employment

Eurostat, Labour Force Survey (lfsa_egan22d)

Context

C.13 Employment by economic activity

share

CTX_SEC_13_3b

% of total employment

Eurostat, Labour Force Survey (lfsa_egan22d)

Context

C.13 Employment by economic activity

share

CTX_SEC_13_4b

% of total employment

Eurostat, Labour Force Survey (lfsa_egan22d)

 

Mapping with legend(s) in the graph:

Legend

Code/Formula

Agriculture

CTX_SEC_13_2b

Forestry

CTX_SEC_13_3b

Food industry

CTX_SEC_13_4b

 

Notes:

To know more on the measurement of employment in agriculture click here

 

Graph: Farmers' income compared to wage in the rest of the economy

Subtitle: EUR/family work unit, real terms

 

Indicator(s) used in the graph:

Type

Name

Parameter

Code

Unit

Source

Context

C.26 Agricultural entrepreneurial income

Agricultural entrepreneurial income (net agricultural entrepreneurial income in real terms) per unpaid (non-salaried) annual work unit

CTX_SEC_26_1

EUR (in real terms)/FWU

Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (aact_eaa04, aact_ali01)

Context

C.26 Agricultural entrepreneurial income

share

CTX_SEC_26_2

%

Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (aact_eaa01, aact_ali01) and National Accounts (nama_nace10_c, nama_nace10_e)

 

Mapping with legend(s) in the graph:

Legend

Code/Formula

Agricultural entrepreneurial income per family work unit

CTX_SEC_26_1

Share of average wage in whole economy

CTX_SEC_26_2

 

Notes:

Agricultural entrepreneurial income measures the income derived from agricultural activities that can be used for the remuneration of own production factors, i.e. non-salaried (= family) labour, land belonging to the agricultural holding and own capital.

The agricultural income aggregates do not represent the disposable income of farm households, because the latter, in addition to their purely agricultural incomes, may also have income from other sources (non-agricultural activities, remuneration, social benefits, income from property). Comparing agricultural income to average wages in the economy nonetheless provides an estimate for the opportunity cost of agricultural family labour, i.e., the average income opportunities that a person would have outside of agriculture.

The Agricultural entrepreneurial income can be negative (in SK e.g.). In this case the share is not calculated.